Learn more. Mormons are a religious and cultural group related to Mormonism, the principal branch of the Latter Day Saint movement started by Joseph Smith in upstate New York during the 1820s. a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, founded in 1830 at La Fayette, New York, by Joseph Smith, a prophet whose supposed revelations were recorded by Joseph Smith in the Book of Mormon, of or relating to the Mormons, their Church, or their beliefs, How ‘Ethical’ Hotel Chain Marriott Gouges Guests in the Name of Wi-Fi Security, Why Your Next Vacation Will Be in Turkmenistan, The Luxury Homes That Torture and Your Tax Dollars Built, History of the Prophet Joseph by His Mother. The 1830s was a decade of expansion, but also significant difficulties cropped up in those years. During the early 1830s, Mormons founded colonies at Independence, Missouri, and Kirtland, Ohio. “Inauguration” vs. “Swearing In”: What’s The Difference? The church expanded quickly, and by the first year boasted some 1,000 adherents. The history of so broad a movement cannot be adequately condensed, but in the pages that follow is an outline of Mormon History from 1820 to contemporary times. a prophet whose supposed revelations were recorded by Joseph Smith in the Book of … However, they were targeted by other Christians who disagreed with Mormon practices such as polygamy. Mormon definition: Mormon means relating to the religion started by Joseph Smith in the United States . In his 1859 interview with [Horace Greeley], Brigham Young asserted that blacks could not be priests until the "curse pronounced on Ham" had been lifted. The population grew rapidly, and by 1849, the Mormons had forged a civil government. originally, Mormon was the name of the ancient American prophet who compiled the writings that constitute the Book of Mormon. On April 6, 1830, Smith and some like-minded colleagues established the Church of Christ, soon to be known by today`s title, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Mobs assaulted the Mormons at several of their communities in the fall of 1838. What Is The Difference Between “It’s” And “Its”? In its nearly two hundred-year history, Mormonism has spread from its headquarters in the American Midwest and finally Utah, to become an international church with most of its members living outside the United States. Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021, Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition In over 4,500 family history centers operated around the world by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, the fabric of humanity is being woven together as volunteers compile and record important dates and information about those who have died. Smith`s narrative of these events reports that God and Jesus Christ appeared to him in 1820 outside of Palmyra, New York. Strife with Mormons erupted again. Mormons often referred to … Young led an intrepid party of immigrants into the Great Salt Lake valley in 1847. A member of the Mormon Church. That year, 1871, had marked a change which had been gradually coming in the lives of the peace-loving Mormons… Another tenet of Mormonism that eventually succumbed was the attitude towards blacks, who were denied the chance to achieve the priesthood in the early Mormon church. In 1827, 21-year-old Joseph Smith announced that he had unearthed a set of golden plates, inscribed with the tenants of God’s true church. The Dictionary.com Word Of The Year For 2020 Is …. Smith discovered them in 1827 on Cumorah`s Hill, near Palmyra. Or do you just have an interest in foreign languages? The Mormon priesthood look toward the establishment of a temporal kingdom in connection with their religion. Mormon (n.) "adherent of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints," 1830, introduced by the religion's founder, Joseph Smith (1805-1844), in Seneca County, N.Y., from Mormon, supposed prophet and author of "The Book of Mormon," explained by Smith as meaning more mon, from English more + Egyptian mon "good." However, distress rose again. The "Mormon" people throughout the country were in a great state of alarm, and also in great distress. Published in 1945, Brodie's No Man Knows My History was the work of a disaffected Mormon, the daughter of a general authority and the niece of Church President David O. McKay. Why Do “Left” And “Right” Mean Liberal And Conservative? His English rendering of the history, titled The Book of Mormon, was issued in 1830. In short, Mormon leaders are confronting a crisis of faith—and a crisis of authority. 2. In the early 19th century, Joseph Smith, a New England farmer`s son, experienced a succession of supernatural visions. A Brief History. Utah Territory © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012. the popular name given to a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Dictionary.com Unabridged The term Mormon has been used to refer to members of all these groups, but it most often refers solely to members of The Ch… Of or relating to the Mormons, their religion, or the Mormon Church. The original Mormon temple was opened in Kirtland in … As a label, Mormonism has been applied to various aspects of the Latter Day Saint movement. In 1831, Smith relocated the church headquarters to Kirtland and over nearly 10 years, he formulated its essential polity and several of its present teachings. Jessen was named a Mormon bishop, but the appointment was met with vocal protests. The trouble that followed was dubbed the Utah War, which nearly became a major conflagration. One element founded a newspaper to castigate Smith, who had become a presidential contender. The number of Utah settlements increased*, ultimately forcing the resident Indians, in particular the Utes, onto reservations. Join us now as we enter a mysterious building that no outsider has ever visited — a Mormon temple — for today we're studying that most curious of history texts, the Book of Mormon.. Mormon meaning: 1. a member of a religious group called the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, which…. Mobs pushed the Mormons out of Illinois in 1846. Links go to pages that give a fuller treatment of the time period of the various issues and periods. An ancient prophet believed to have compiled a sacred history of the Americas, which was translated and published by Joseph Smith as the Book of Mormon in 1830. He, his brother Hyrum, and other church leaders were arrested and incarcerated. The original Mormon temple was opened in Kirtland in 1836. Smith and his most loyal believers moved to Missouri in 1838, to regroup with other Mormons. They campaigned for women’s rights and started the first hospitals in Utah. Its swift expansion to more than 12,000 by 1845, and the impact of Mormons on state politics, induced non-Mormons to be wary and antagonistic again. Such antagonism towards Mormons appears to have been spurred in part by economic rivalry and a distaste for the Mormon tendency to vote en bloc. ), with full bibliography and citation information. a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, founded in 1830 at La Fayette, New York, by Joseph Smith. In 1838, Smith set up a new spiritual colony in Missouri, but by 1839, anti-Mormon prejudice there had proved too virulent. Members of a mob fatally shot Smith and his brother in an assault on the lockup on June 27, 1844. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS), church that traces its origins to a religion founded by Joseph Smith in the United States in 1830. The word Mormon originally derived from the Book of Mormon, a religious text published by Smith as "Another Testament of Jesus Christ". Are you learning Spanish? Mormon history is largely a repeating pattern: LDS members form an insular community somewhere, buy and sell principally with each other and dominate the local economy and political scene, followed by harassment and violence from the area’s prior residents, leading to guerrilla warfare and the expulsion of the Mormons to a new territory, where it all started again. They sought admission to the Union, giving their proposed state the name Deseret, but in 1850, Congress opted to create the Territory of Utah, then name Young as governor. 1.1. – Their History, Beliefs and Practices. The Utah War The 10th Article of Faith relates to the Mormons' distinct perspective on history and on the second coming of Jesus. According to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS), the Garden of Eden in which God placed Adam and Eve is located in Jackson County, Missouri, near … . Joseph Smith had planned to relocate his followers to the Great Basin in the Rocky Mountains. Mormons often have unique definitions for Biblical terms. adj. The term Mormon, often used to refer to members of this church, comes from the Book of Mormon , which was published… An untrue report reached Washington, D.C., that the Mormons were in revolt. Marriott, with its deep history in the Mormon faith, portrays itself as a deeply ethical institution. Brigham Young became the new leader of the Mormons. (originally derogatory, sometimes proscribed) A person who believes in the Mormon religion, which worships Elohim, views Joseph Smith as his prophet and has the Bible and the Book of Mormon as its main scriptures. HISTORY OF THE CHURCH OF JESUS CHRIST OF LATTER-DAY SAINTS (LDS): 1805: Founder: Joseph Smith Jr. was born; 1820: Joseph Smith’s alleged “First Vision” = Heavenly Father and Jesus Christ appeared to Smith and told him not to join any of the churches for they were “all” wrong. 1. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS), also called Mormonism, church that traces its origins to a religion founded by Joseph Smith in the United States in 1830. See the full definition for Mormon in the English Language Learners Dictionary. : a member of a Christian church that was founded by Joseph Smith in the U.S. in 1830 : a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Mormon definition: 1. a member of a religious group called the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, which…. However, once the Civil War was concluded and slavery was ended, the federal government turned its eye back to Utah to end the other “relic of barbarism,” polygamy, or plural marriage. :WHO ARE MORMONS? After Smith's death in 1844 the movement split into several groups following different leaders; the majority followed Brigham Young, while smaller groups followed Joseph Smith III, Sidney Rigdon, and James Strang. (Editor’s note: many of the references in our articles on Mormonism are Mormon publications, such as Mormon Doctrine, Articles of Faith, Doctrines of Salvation, History of the Church, Doctrine and Covenants, and so forth. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples History definition, the branch of knowledge dealing with past events. This booklet will be a useful resource to have on hand as you strive to better understand Mormon definitions and … English Language Learners Definition of Mormon. They told him to be ready for a significant project. The Mormon produced a package which he had been concealing under his chair. The Mormon Church was founded in New York after Joseph Smith, Jr. claimed to have found a buried book of golden plates written by ancient American prophets in the late 1820s. Utah, USA Brigham Young was definitely onto something when he sought to build his Mormon “Zion” in the rugged hinterland of Utah. Smith further reported that, three years later, he encountered an angel named Moroni who revealed to him the existence of buried golden plates that bore engravings, in an archaic tongue, of the history of early peoples of North America. During the early 1830s, Mormons founded colonies at Independence, Missouri, and Kirtland, Ohio. Official Mormon histories about Joseph Smith may have been misleading. The conflict ended in 1858 when Young accepted the new governor and President Buchanan gave full pardon to all concerned. As an adjective by 1842. See more. The 1837 insolvency of a Mormon bank, squabbles among some church members, and strife with non-church neighbors, scattered the Kirtland faithful. The Mormons were a religious group who practised a type of Christianity. Expulsion from Missouri In June 1845 the leader of the Mormons, Joseph Smith, was murdered. mon (môr′mən) Mormon Church n. 1. A Mormon dream became reality in 1896 when Utah became the 45th state. The main events described within the Book of Mormon take place between 600BC to 421AD, although parts go right back to the Tower of Babel, some 2,000 years ago! Mormons, Mormonism, Mormon Church—following the publication of the Book of Mormon in 1830, these terms were used by the early opponents of the Church in order to avoid crediting Church members with being Christians. Congress continued to oppose the Mormon practice of polygamy, and the church finally condemned that family arrangement in 1890. Smith said the Angel Moroni, who was the guardian of these plates, had directed him to these writings and that his mission was to publish a translation of this book. 1912 January, Zane Grey, chapter 1, in Riders of the Purple Sage: A Novel, New York, N.Y.; London: Harper & Brothers Publishers, OCLC 6868219: 1.1.1. Others are from the Book of Mormon itself, e.g., books such as 1 Nephi, 2 Nephi, and Alma.) Also called Latter-day Saint. The church`s organization is traditionally held to have occurred in Fayette, New York, in 1830. Learn more. This scheme was now implemented by [Brigham Young], who had become the new head of the church. This remained the policy of the church until 1978. A few months later, Smith eluded prison guards and rejoined his followers there, settling on the banks of the Mississippi River at the town of Commerce, which they renamed Nauvoo. The paper was demolished, and Smith caught the blame. “Capital” vs. “Capitol”: Do You Know Where You’re Going? A runt from under the Mormon ditch; we raise bigger on our land. Retrieved from "https://eom.byu.edu/index.php?title=Encyclopedia_of_Mormonism&oldid=5078" Anti-Mormon public outcry persuaded President James Buchanan to replace Young with a non-Mormon governor and dispatch soldiers to occupy Utah in 1857. The territory`s population capped 140,000 in 1877. Expelled from Missouri the same year, nearly 15,000 Mormons retreated to Illinois. Due to the hostility shown towards the Mormons, he decided they needed to move somewhere safer. Smith and some of his associates were apprehended on accusations Mormons to this day maintain were groundless. In addition, by the early 1840s, the resentment was exacerbated by Smith’s king-like aspirations and by rumors that Mormons were starting to practice polygamy, the condition of having more than one spouse. Twenty Mormons, including several children, were slain in the "Massacre at Haun`s Mill." Experts write all our 2500 articles (and counting! The Missouri Mormons had settled in a town called Far West in the northern part of the state, following their expulsion from Independence in 1834. The story of the Mormon Trail is rooted in the beginnings of a unique American religion. Nauvoo rapidly became the state`s biggest city. In 1831, Smith relocated the church headquarters to Kirtland and over nearly 10 years, he formulated its essential polity and several of its present teachings. One respected historian, Sydney E. Ahlstom, wrote in 1982 "One cannot even be sure, whether [Mormonism] is a sect, a mystery cult, a new religion, a church, a … The “institution” is even more odious under Mormon than Mohammed. The Most Surprisingly Serendipitous Words Of The Day. Mormon (plural Mormons) 1. The term Mormon, often used to refer to members of this church, comes from the Book of Mormon, which was published by Smith in 1830; use of the term is discouraged by the church. A new church Does “Bimonthly” Mean Twice A Month Or Every Two Months? We want you to know why things happened, how that matters today, and what you can do about it. “Affect” vs. “Effect”: Use The Correct Word Every Time. Since 1994, Quatr.us Study Guides has offered free history and science articles to keep you connected to the latest discoveries in world history. Either way, this quiz on Spanish words for animals is for you. 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