Upon arriving in the Salt Lake Valley, the Mormons developed and cultivated the arid terrain to make it more suitable. Why the Mormons Settled in Utah. In the 1880s and early 1890s, more than 1,000 Mormon men would be convicted of charges relating to plural marriage. After ...read more, During the grand opening ceremony of the American National Exhibition in Moscow, Vice President Richard Nixon and Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev engage in a heated debate about capitalism and communism in the middle of a model kitchen set up for the fair. Once Woodruff had formally renounced polygamy on behalf of the LDS, Congress’ attitude changed greatly, and the path to statehood became considerably clearer. I know the simple answer -- Brigham Young told them to stop at the Great Salt Lake, saying "This is the right place." Whether it’s Oliver Stone setting a scene from Platoon to Adagio for Strings by Samuel Barber,or Quentin Tarantino setting a scene from Reservoir Dogs to “Stuck In The Middle” by Stealer’s Wheel, filmmakers often depend upon certain passages of music to produce specific emotional ...read more, During her imprisonment at Lochleven Castle in Scotland, Mary Queen of Scots is forced to abdicate in favor of her one-year-old son, later crowned King James VI of Scotland. They had fled deadly persecution from Missouri, Ohio, and Illinois, and had finally found … The self-sufficiency program which followed the Utah War and the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861 led Mormon leaders to greatly expand the southern colonies. Brigham Young resettled the Mormons in … In academic literature, the area is also commonly called the Mormon culture region. Joseph Smith was born in Sharon, Vermont, in 1805. However, the Christian sect was also heavily criticized for its unorthodox practices, which included polygamy. Congress began passing laws trying to get rid of polygamy (or bigamy, as it was then called) in the early 1860s. In 1849, he sent representatives to Congress with a proposed map of the state of Deseret (a word from the Book of Mormon meaning “honeybee”.) What is the "Day's of '47" celebrating? (Credit: Bettmann Archive/Getty Images). © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. that Mormons were God's chosen people and Mormon leaders should have political powers. there also alot in Idaho They also settled in Nauvoo but the temple there was burned. The Mormons were chased out of Missouri after the governor declared them enemies of the state. After 17 months and many miles of travel, Brigham Young leads 148 pioneers into Utah’s Valley of the Great Salt Lake. ... Mormons settle Salt Lake Valley. Federal courtrooms sat empty, while Mormon leaders filled the territorial legislature. President Millard Fillmore appointed Young as territorial governor, a decision made “largely as a matter of practicality,” Bowman points out, as Young had essentially been governing Deseret (as he called it) and the Mormon Church as one entity for three years already. Why did Mormon pioneers decide to settle in the Salt Lake Valley of Utah? Relying on reports of Western explorers and the low population, the Mormons set their eyes on Utah. The Mormon village in Utah was to a degree patterned after Joseph Smith’s City of Zion, a planned community of farmers and tradesmen, with a central residential area and farms and farm buildings on the land beyond. The Mormons settled in the Salt Lake Valley, which at that time was used as a buffer zone between the Shoshones and the Utes, who were at war. He was charged with treason by Illinois authorities and imprisoned with his brother Hyrum in the Carthage city jail. The ...read more. By 1896, when Utah was granted statehood, the church had more than 250,000 members, most living in Utah. In 1827, he declared that he had been visited by a Christian angel named Moroni, who showed him an ancient Hebrew text that had been lost for 1,500 years. Tensions between the territory of Utah and the federal government continued until Wilford Woodruff, the new president of the church, issued his Manifesto in 1890, renouncing the traditional practice of polygamy and reducing the domination of the church over Utah communities. When Utah becomes part of the U.S., Young sees an opportunity to control a state government. Why did the Mormons move west to settle in Utah? Brigham Young saw in vision the salt Lake valley, long before they got there, and when they arrived, he took one look and announced.."This is the place." The disaster was caused by serious problems with the boat’s design, which were known but never remedied. Young saw an opportunity in this turn of events: State governments had a lot of power, and controlling one could give the Mormons considerable autonomy. The motivation for Mormon migration was not wealth or fame, but religion. All Rights Reserved. “There was not a large Native American presence, but there was the potential for agriculture, and for supporting a large population.”, In a later account of their arrival, the future LDS leader Wilford Woodruff wrote that Young paused and gazed down at the valley for several minutes when they first arrived, and “he saw the future glory of Zion and of Israel, as they would be, planted in the valleys of these mountains.”, Sheet music cover for a song titled “If You Saw What I Saw, You’d Go To Utah!” by Howard Patrick, 1917. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Later that year, Young rejoined the main body of pioneers in Iowa, who named him president and prophet of the church. What I want to know is, why was it … They sought jobs on the railroads. The Mormons and Utah. On July 24, 1998, the director Steven Spielberg’s World War II epic, Saving Private Ryan, is released in theaters across the United States. After early difficulties, Salt Lake City began to flourish. In 1850, President Millard Fillmore named Brigham Young the first governor of the U.S. territory of Utah, and the territory enjoyed relative autonomy for several years. Now the tables were going to turn. Mormons begin exodus to Utah Their leader assassinated and their homes under attack, the Mormons of Nauvoo, Illinois, begin a long westward migration … Seeking religious and political freedom, the Latter-day Saints began planning their great migration from the east after the murder of Joseph Smith, the Christian sect’s founder and first leader. Firstly, the Mormons had very different beliefs to the traditional Christian faith that was dominant in America at this time. Finally once Utah was chosen, it didn't remain outside the US for very long. On 24 July 1847, then church president Brigham Young, after an arduous trip across the plains, looked out over the Salt Lake Valley and declared, “This is the place,” and the first group set their roots down. The Mormons wanted to settle somewhere isolated where they could practice their religion without other people bullying them or … But when a local newspaper, the Nauvoo Expositor, published a front page article criticizing the Mormon doctrine of polygamy, Smith ordered its printing press smashed. Utah is now home to more than 2 million Mormons, or about one-third of the total number of Mormons in the United States. Within days, Young and his companions began building the future Salt Lake City at the foot of the Wasatch Mountains. Relations became strained, however, when reports reached Washington that LDS leaders were disregarding federal law and had publicly sanctioned the practice of polygamy. Utah Room Two: Utopian Communities I. Mormon pioneers were the first white people to settle in Utah, but they were the second people to settle in Utah. So why did they settle there? Disappointed, Hancock told Schuyler that Congress was "concerned to ...read more, On July 24, 1943, British bombers raid Hamburg, Germany, by night in Operation Gomorrah, while Americans bomb it by day in its own “Blitz Week.” Britain had suffered the deaths of 167 civilians as a result of German bombing raids in July. Unfortunately, Hamilton and her family were not the only ones to suffer because of this terrible crime. All Rights Reserved. a. ... • Mormon settled in Illinois- bought town of commerce, Illinois and renamed Nauvoo • PERSECUTION of Mormons continued • 1844- mob killed Joseph Smith- Brigham Young took over spot. The church of Jesus Chris of Latter-day Saints. Instead, as part of the Compromise of 1850, Congress greatly reduced Deseret’s size and renamed it the Utah Territory. The day they arrived in Utah is still celebrated today. These kinds of things generated suspicion from people around them.”. Why did the Utopian Communities emerge during the Market Revolution? In 1887, the Edmunds-Tucker Act took square aim at the Mormon church itself, disincorporating it and authorizing the federal government to seize much of its property. Why did the Mormons choose to settle in Utah in 1847? Again the Mormons brought suit, but in 1890 the Supreme Court ruled the Edmunds-Tucker Act constitutional. d. … For the next two decades, wagon trains bearing thousands of Mormon immigrants followed Young’s westward trail. c. They hoped to escape religious persecution. They kept rubbing like sandpaper against their neighbors. Gazing over the parched earth of the. Many Mormons died in the cold, harsh winter months as they made their way over the Rocky Mountains to Utah. Mormons Tried to Stop Native Child Slavery in Utah. 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