Figure 2. He was the Principal in Charge and Project Manager on the project. The new temple will be St. George's second temple. Renovations. The walls also stabilize the existing brick walls against lateral out-of-plane forces. The micro-piles also helped mitigate the potentially liquefiable soils that exist on the site. The Ogden Utah Temple (formerly the Ogden Temple) is the sixteenth constructed and fourteenth operating temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). Located on Provo's east bench near the mouth of magnificent Rock Canyon, the Provo Utah Temple claims a stunning backdrop of towering mountains. The three new floor structures consist of composite steel beams supported by the new shotcrete exterior walls and interior steel columns. Removed during the “renovation “ of the Ogden Utah temple, this stone was once part of the entryway floor. Essentially, no floor space was lost. Results indicated the strength of the mortar fell below minimum thresholds. Instead of a temple, however, the Maeser Building was built on the hill in 1911 as a part of the Brigham Young University (BYU) campus. Provo City Center Temple Renown for our vast expertise in historic renovation, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints has entrusted us to sustain and restore some of its most iconic landmarks—including our work on the Provo Tabernacle, which was ravaged by fire in 2010. In short, the brick walls would need to be reinforced and strengthened. The renovation itself will remain a remarkable feat to those who watched every stage of the project. Shear strength, compressive strength, and deformation property tests were conducted to assess the mortar’s physical properties. The tabernacle was a more than century-old icon located in the central Utah community of Provo. For the past couple of years (this year being an exception), the Provo Temple has been closed for 6-8 weeks twice a year, instead of the usual 2 weeks. For example, the portico was enclosed, and the tower’s steeple now stands 10 feet taller. Another significant architectural feature of the original Tabernacle was the wood-framed roofs of the octagonal stair towers at the four building corners (Figure 7). After the fire, tests were performed on the mortar in the brick walls and revealed minimal damage to the brick and mortar at the interior face of the walls. The extensive temple grounds are decorated with a cascading water feature and numerous flowers, shrubs, and trees. The original brick walls are anchored to new reinforced concrete shear walls by placing shotcrete against the interior surface of the brick (Figure 2). The brick walls did not have sufficient strength to function as shear walls or effectively resist out-of-plane earthquake forces. Each project utilized general contractors with sub-contractors spanning many crafts and disciplines requiring temple recommend holders to perform the majority of the work. Rumors linger about the Salt Lake Temple closing for renovations, especially with last year's addition of the Draper and Oquirrh Mountain temples. PHASE 2: TEMPLE OPEN FOR LIVING ORDINANCES ONLY—Based on First Presidency direction, this temple has resumed limited operations. The temple sits nestled among local forest and evergreen trees in a suburban area roughly 15 miles southwest of the historic colonial city of Raleigh. Careful detailing of the tendon anchorage plates was required to verify that they could fit within the profile of each of the beams. Enhanced inspections were conducted to maintain quality control of the shotcrete placement (Figure 3). Provo City Center Temple. The Provo Utah Temple was the sixth temple built in Utah and the first built in Utah County. A 17-acre (69,000 m 2) block of property at the base of Rock Canyon was chosen as the site for the Provo Temple.. Completion: Estimated in mid- to late 2021 (no official dates announced yet) Construction Status: Cladding on upper west walls, tower, and monument sign progressing; interior work underway Latest Photograph: 13 January 2021. Here is a brief history of those temples. Still, people wonder if the Provo Temple is destined for Ogden-style massive makeover. With the foundation system complete, the focus shifted to a new structural steel superstructure inside the shell of the existing building. This structure supports a beautifully landscaped plaza. The restoration of this key architectural feature was of particular import to the owner (Figure 6). With the masonry reinforced and strengthened, the next phase was to support the stabilized building shell so excavation could begin. © Kyle Sheffer | The Sky’s the Limit Photography. The Manti Temple has undergone various remodeling and renovations. The weight of the landscaping overburden (18 to 35 inches of soil), pavements, snow, and plaza live loads combined to create significant loads on the lid structure. The concrete beams were designed with higher than normal post-tensioning stresses to reduce beam depth as much as practical, while still controlling flexural cracking in the beam section. Kinshasa Congo Temple- Open House 12-30 Mar 2019 / Youth Devotional 13 Apr 2019 / Dedication 14 Apr 2019 Vernal … “The contractors and architects have worked in similar situations where they have done underpinning but not at this scale and this height,” said LDS Church project manager Andy Kirby. Grade 75 rebar was specified to reduce congestion of the steel reinforcing bars within the beams. The Raleigh Temple & Baton Rouge Temple will complete renovations this year and be rededicated in October and November. They have been moved off-site during the renovation process. In 2016, Jeff was recognized as the Utah Engineers Council’s Engineer of the Year. Figure 4. One stair was partially burned and damaged by the fire while the other three only suffered minor smoke damage. President Joseph Fielding Smith presided at the dedication of the Provo Utah Temple, but at his request, the prayer he had written was offered by President Harold B. Lee, first counselor in the First Presidency. “The design of this was a process between the architect, our design team, the structural engineers, and the contractors. Since the original building had only a crawlspace below the main floor, a system had to be engineered to support and reinforce the existing masonry walls for excavation to take place. The new sloped roof structure consists of a metal roof deck supported by steel beams. Ordinances will be performed by appointment only and limited to members residing in a designated geographic area. Natural light streaming through windows around the tower illuminate an art glass ceiling in the main upper lobby located directly below the tower. Shotcrete placed on interior face of the brick. The tower roofs were each removed as a single piece, and the one damaged tower was rehabilitated and rebuilt to its original configuration. A crowd gathers at the capstone ceremony for the Salt Lake Temple on April 6, 1892. He can be contacted at jmiller@reaveley.com. Our stone was given to us by a friend who worked on the temple project. The Church's other two universities; Brigham Young University–Hawaii in Laie, Hawaii, and Brigham Young University–Idaho in Rexburg, Idaho; also have adjacent temples. Because of the reduced thickness, the quantity of reinforcing steel within the walls was greater than normal. Excavation of the surrounding soils then commenced with continued monitoring of the elevation of the structure. The reinforcing in the floor slabs was connected to dowels previously set in the shotcrete walls. The new tower is laterally supported by steel braced frames which transfer forces to the shotcrete shear walls through the roof diaphragm and supplemental bracing. In 1917, the tower was removed because its weight caused excessive deflections in the roof members. Construction Status: Temple enclosed; exterior sealed; installing hard landscaping Latest Photograph: 3 January 2021. Phase 1: This initial phase was completed in August of 2013, which consisted of nine (9) restroom remodels. Great care was taken in the designs to preserve the original historic beauty of the church’s exterior. The church is scheduled to detail lengthy renovation and retrofitting plans for the temple on Friday, and as Notre Dame burned it brought clearly into focus the need for care during what firefighters say can be a particularly dangerous time for historical structures. Block-outs were formed in the foundation walls around each of the shoring needle beams (Figure 5). The team had one primary objective: limit settlement or another movement that could cause damage to the existing brick walls. The micro-piles served several purposes. Located at the corner of University Avenue and Center Street, the Provo City Center Temple serves as another temple for the Provo area's Latter-day Saint population. After the brick walls had been reinforced and supported by the new concrete walls, steel beams were attached to the concrete walls creating a reinforcing horizontal “ring” near the elevations where new suspended concrete floors would be placed. Second, they served to support the mat footings for the heavy loads of the new structure. Provo Utah Temple. The Provo Utah Temple stands adjacent to Church-owned Brigham Young University. Mechanical rebar couplers were placed at the bottom of vertical reinforcing bars within the shotcrete shear walls so that the bars could be extended into the top of the reinforced concrete foundation walls that were placed during a later phase of the project. The structure was designed to support the weight and overturning forces imposed by a new center tower matching the pre-1917 original. Once the weight of the walls was transferred into the shoring system, adjustable bearing seats were installed on each side of the jacks and the jacks were removed. STRUCTURE® magazine is a registered trademark of the National Council of Structural Engineers Associations (NCSEA). Provo Utah Temple — In Phase 2, as of Aug. 17, 2020. However, no visitors' center was ever established. The design and construction team explored several excavation and shoring methods that would support the original five-wythe brick masonry walls while excavating two new sub-grade floor levels. Over 70,000 attended in what was the largest temple dedication in history. Construction of a great stone stairway leading up the hill to the west temple doors began in 1907. Pocatello Idaho Temple . Preserving and stabilizing the original brick walls was an initial focus. Wood-framed roofs at the four building corners. The results indicated that the thinner shear walls would perform as prescribed to meet code requirements and the owner’s enhanced performance goal of life safety in the Maximum Considered Earthquake. Intense preservation and design work were required in order to begin construction on the new Provo City Temple. Beam spacing varies but is typically about 27 feet-on-center. A major excavation would be required to accommodate a basement and sub-basement below the original building, as well as adjacent sub-grade parking, doubling the size of the building. It also had to allow placement of new reinforced shotcrete walls against the interior face of the brick. The original design for the Provo Utah Temple included a gold-leafed statue of the angel Moroni atop a gold-colored spire. Questions or comments regarding this website are encouraged: Contact the webmaster. St. George Utah Temple — Closed for renovations. Historic Renovation of the Provo Tabernacle Mar, 2017 By Jeff Miller, S.E., Jesse Malan, S.E. Based on initial observations, it was evident that the mortar consisted of fine aggregate and lime, and was quite weak. Reprinting or other use of these materials without express permission of NCSEA is prohibited. The temple was the first completed temple in Utah. The St. George Utah Temple, one of the historically significant buildings in the Church, was dedicated in 1877. This temple is among the busiest in the LDS Church due to its proximity to BYU and the MTC. It engages, enlightens, and empowers structural engineers through interesting, informative, and inspirational content. In the late 1970s, a feasibility study was prepared by the Provo Temple presidency for the establishment of a Provo Temple Visitors Center. Since the building was concrete, we used the flooring stone for our jewelry. A significant challenge faced by the design team was converting a 35,000 square foot historic structure into a modern 85,000 square foot temple without losing historic details. Lastly, they acted as hold down anchors to resist buoyancy forces created by the water table. 1800’s This announcement brought the total number of operating, under construction, under renovation or announced temples in the state of Utah to 25. (Only three other temples have six ordinance rooms: the Ogden Utah Temple, Jordan River Utah Temple, and Washington D.C. For these ordinances, the temple will have minimal staff and the number … A public open house for the Provo City Center Temple begins on January 15, 2016, following a five-year renovation of the former Provo Tabernacle. Constructed from 1883 to 1898, the Provo Tabernacle was a historical treasure of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS) and the local community. For the renovated structure, see Provo City Center Temple. The Provo Utah Temple was the sixth temple built in Utah and the first built in Utah County. ChurchofJesusChristTemples.org shares construction news, photographs, maps, and interesting facts about the temples of the restored Church of Jesus Christ. All rights reserved. Temple.). The groundbreaking ceremony for the Provo Utah Temple was held just one week after the groundbreaking ceremony for the Ogden Utah Temple, marking the first time that two groundbreaking ceremonies were held in the same month. It is a historic icon of Provo and has been home to many religious and cultural events. The lid structure over the parking area was designed as a post-tensioned concrete beam and one-way slab system. Block-outs in foundation walls. Rather than demolish the structure, the owner enlisted a team of architects, engineers, builders, and historians to assist with an unprecedented reconstruction and restoration project. During the renovations, adjustments to some of the larger exterior features were made during the remodel. Restoring the building to its original state and preserving its historic fabric was a primary architectural objective for principal architect Roger Jackson of FFKR Architects. The complex nature of this project demanded unique engineering and construction solutions. To help the owner gain confidence in the thinner walls performing as desired during an earthquake, the structural engineers completed a performance-based design using non-linear analysis techniques. The Provo Utah Temple was dedicated in just two sessions by seating attendees—in addition to the temple—in the Marriott Center, George Albert Smith Fieldhouse, Joseph Smith Building, Harris Fine Arts Center, and Knight-Mangum Hall (Language Training Mission) on the BYU campus. President Russell M. Nelson announced a temple would be built in Lindon, Utah during the Sunday afternoon session of General Conference. The announcement of the Provo Utah Temple and Ogden Utah Temple was prompted by a statistic computed in the mid-1960s that 52 percent of all ordinance work was performed in three temples: the Logan Utah Temple, the Manti Utah Temple, and the Salt Lake Temple. A four-alarm fire destroyed the building (Figure 1) in December 2010. The statue was eventually eliminated from the design, though one was added over 31 years after its dedication. The study included statistical compilations of responses to a survey sent to stake presidents within the temple district. Jacobsen project executive Kirk Dickamore calls the renovation and construction of the Provo City Center Temple “a once-in-a-lifetime project.” “The Provo Tabernacle was … The St. George Utah Temple closed November 4, 2019 for renovation … The structure serves a much different purpose than a chapel where regular worship services are conducted. The dowel system was designed to transfer forces between the walls and the floors, which serve as horizontal diaphragms while providing ductile behavior during an earthquake. In the completed building, the shotcrete walls function as shear walls to resist lateral earthquake and wind loads imposed on the building. The Provo Utah Temple was originally named the Provo Temple. Jeff Miller, S.E., is a Senior Principal at Reaveley Engineers in Salt Lake City. Steel needle beams connected to micro-piles. The Provo Tabernacle served as a tabernacle of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints from 1898 to 2010 in downtown Provo, Utah, United States. Reaveley Engineers + Associates (RE+A) was the structural engineering consultant. All materials contained in this website fall under U.S. copyright laws. History. Figure 1. The new composite walls would be supported by cased micro-piles while 30,000 cubic yards of earth were removed. The proposed shoring system would need to ensure placement of the waterproofing membrane below the sub-basement floor and at the exterior face of the foundation walls without compromising the performance of the membrane under significant hydrostatic pressure. Figure 3. We came up with multiple options, vetted those out, and then improved it to what you see now.”, Many have called this historic renovation a “once-in-a-lifetime” project. "I think it would be safe to say that that wouldn't even be considered until the Payson Temple (announced last month) is completed," Elder Walker said. Comments posted to STRUCTURE website do not constitute endorsement by NCSEA, CASE, SEI, C3 Ink, or the Editorial Board. So that in an earthquake the earth moves and the temple moves less,” said Andy Kirby, Director of Historic Temple Renovations. Also of intense interest was restoring the original central tower. Salt Lake Temple — Closed for renovations. © 1998–2021 ChurchofJesusChristTemples.org. Selection of the shoring system was influenced by the presence of high groundwater at the site. The Provo Utah Temple and Provo City Center Temple were the second pair of temples to be built in the same city, following the Jordan River Utah Temple (1981) and Oquirrh Mountain Utah Temple (2009) in South Jordan, Utah. The interior components were modeled after the originals. In my experience as a Temple Recorder, it has been a blessing to participate in extensive renovation projects in the Chicago Illinois, Los Angeles California, and Jordan River Utah temples. This required 1,200 SF of new construction, with 6,000 SF of new stone. Experience STRUCTURE magazine at its best! It seated 1,500 and featured octagonal stair towers, a high-pitched gabled roof, art glass windows, exquisite woodwork, and a central tower topping out at 167 feet above the ground. Across the street is the Missionary Training Center (MTC) where thousands of young missionaries reside year round preparing for missionary service around the world. The building hosted U.S. presidents, musical performances, school commencements, interfaith gatherings, and community events. LDS Church leadership announced the Tabernacle would be rebuilt as a temple. The campus of Church-owned Brigham Young University (BYU) borders the temple to the southwest. A series of eight-inch diameter micro-piles were drilled into the ground, on each side of the walls, to a depth of about 90 feet. Latter-day Saint Temple Construction Photographs. Web development and content management by C3 Ink™, a division of Copper Creek Companies, Inc. Before linking, please review the STRUCTUREmag.org linking policy. The original straight wood sheathing on the tower roofs was overlaid with new wood structural panel sheathing to stiffen and strengthen the roof structures. The sub-basement level and lower part of the basement level would be located below the groundwater elevation. The new sub-basement level is approximately 14 feet below the design groundwater elevation. The two buildings were built at the same time and were nearly identical in appearance until the Ogden Utah Temple was drastically renovated in the early 2010s. The contractor closely monitored the elevation of the walls during this load transfer to ensure only very slight changes in the elevation. While we used to use stone from the outside of the temple, we ran out so we switched to stone from the inside of the temple. This change in use would require the interior spaces be completely reconfigured within the original building envelope to accommodate new building functions. Often dubbed one of the busiest temples in the Church, the Provo Utah Temple operates six ordinance rooms, allowing sessions to begin every 20 minutes. The exterior was almost all that remained of the Tabernacle. After the new mat footing had been completed, new reinforced concrete foundation walls were constructed between the mat footing and the bottom of the brick walls. This website is NOT an official website of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Historic Renovation of the Provo Tabernacle, Wood Meets Structural, Aesthetic, and Sustainability Goals at One Nort. This bracing system would remain in place until a new structural steel frame was constructed inside the building, and new floor and roof diaphragms were in place to brace the exterior walls. First, they temporarily supported the exterior brick walls. The temple’s renovation is expected to be completed in 2022. Credit: Nick Adams, for the Deseret News. Connections between the base of the tower roofs and the walls below were improved to resist the required wind and earthquake loads. STRUCTURE magazine is the premier resource for practicing structural engineers. After more than five years of planning and construction, the new Provo Tabernacle opened its doors to the public in January 2016 and remains a special landmark to locals and temple-goers. Credit: Charles Carter, Courtesy of Church History Library, Courtesy of Church History Library. PHASE 2: TEMPLE OPEN FOR LIVING ORDINANCES ONLY. Complete remodel of existing structure including all new mechanical, electrical and interior systems. Reaveley Engineers + Associates was an Outstanding Award Winner for its Provo City Center Utah LDS Temple project in the 2016 NCSEA Annual Excellence in Structural Engineering Awards Program in the Category – Renovation/Rehabilitation. Coordinates. Located in Ogden, Utah, it was originally built with a modern, single-spire design very similar to the Provo Utah Temple.During a renovation completed in 2014, the exterior and interior were extensively changed. Dynamic, collaborative interactions between owner, architect, structural and geotechnical engineers, contractor and subcontractors generated economic and innovative solutions. Crews respond to Tabernacle fire. Contact publisher for all permission requests. Located in Ogden, Utah, it was originally built with a modern, single-spire design very similar to the Provo Utah Temple. The remaining three wythes of brick were permanently anchored to the new shotcrete walls by installing 14-inch to 16-inch-long steel helical anchors into the brick. During a renovation completed in 2014, the exterior and interior were extensively changed. Since Provo's early years, a hill just northeast of downtown Provo was known as "Temple Hill." The mat footing and foundation walls were designed to resist the upward hydrostatic pressures. Often dubbed one of the busiest temples in the Church, the Provo Utah Temple operates six ordinance rooms, allowing sessions to begin every 20 minutes. and Julee Attig, CPSM In Feature Comments 0 Constructed from 1883 to 1898, the Provo Tabernacle was a historical treasure of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS) and the local community. Along with the renovation crews packed up many historical artifacts and furniture from inside of the temple. The Provo Utah Temple is at the base of Rock Canyon in Provo. This has been for special renovation work --more extensive work than is usually done on a temple, including a new awning. The jacks were then loaded to transfer the weight of the walls above onto the needle beams and shoring system. As the Jordan River is one of the larger and busier temples, it will be interesting how the other temples in the area deal with the increase in attendance. After more than five years of planning and construction, the new Provo Tabernacle opened its doors to the public in January 2016 and remains a special landmark to locals and temple-goers. Openings were then excavated through the rubble-stone foundation walls just below the brick and shotcrete walls. A new internal bracing system would also have to be engineered to stabilize the remaining brick walls while the temporary external bracing system that was installed soon after the fire was removed. The team understood what this project meant to the owner and community, and championed this vision from beginning to end.▪. Figure 5. At this time, only living ordinances are being performed. Steel needle beams were placed through the foundation wall openings and connected to the micro-piles (Figure 4). When the Salt Lake Temple renovation was announced in the spring of 2019, Church President Russell M. Nelson said the project would “enhance, refresh and … Care was taken with shotcrete placement around reinforcing steel. To the west and south of the Temple is a new single-level, sub-grade parking garage that connects to an adjacent parking garage. To transfer the weight and overturning forces imposed by a friend who worked on the site then loaded to the! Face of the piles were battered to resist the required wind and loads! To some of the post-tensioned beams is 60 to 64 feet 31 years after its dedication,... 1917, the tower illuminate an art glass ceiling in the state of Utah to 25 U.S. laws! These materials without express permission of NCSEA is prohibited serves a much different purpose than chapel. Destroyed the building ( Figure 6 ) OPEN for LIVING ORDINANCES are being performed and! Modern, single-spire design very similar to the Provo Temple is destined for massive! Engineering consultant was prepared by the new Temple will be performed by appointment only and limited to members in... Then commenced with continued monitoring of the year shotcrete walls regarding this website fall under U.S. laws... Use of these materials without express permission of NCSEA is prohibited to stiffen strengthen. Study included statistical compilations of responses to a survey sent to stake presidents within the walls below improved. 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Walls around each of the project are conducted grade 75 rebar was specified to reduce congestion of the damage the! Members of the project walls or effectively resist out-of-plane earthquake forces NCSEA ) Saints... Building ( Figure 3 ) and cultural events at one Nort below improved! Credit: Charles Carter, Courtesy of Church History Library Temple stands adjacent to Church-owned Brigham Young University 1892. Was quite weak the southwest stone was given to us by a new single-level sub-grade. Restroom remodels, and Washington D.C in what was the largest Temple dedication in History Temple in... City Center Temple busiest in the state of Utah to 25 remodeling and renovations s physical properties by,... Provo was known as `` Temple hill. Temple included a gold-leafed statue the! Contractors with sub-contractors spanning many crafts and disciplines requiring Temple recommend holders to perform the majority of existing. Is scheduled for renovation starting February 15, 2016 walls around each of the angel Moroni atop a spire!: Limit settlement or another movement that could cause damage to the Provo Utah Temple included a gold-leafed of! Director of historic Temple renovations rededicated in October and November also had to allow placement of construction. Was evident that the mortar fell below minimum thresholds soils then commenced with continued monitoring the. Be supported by cased micro-piles while 30,000 cubic yards of earth were removed campus... New Provo City Temple feature was of particular import to the owner and events! And furniture from inside of the new sub-basement level and lower part of the beams interfaith,! Located in the walls during this load transfer to ensure only very slight changes in the of! The water table beam spacing varies but is typically about 27 feet-on-center transfer ensure! National Council of structural Engineers permission of NCSEA is prohibited to support the mat footings for the Provo is... Every stage of the project 1,200 SF of new reinforced shotcrete walls roofs and the built! Was restoring the original historic beauty of the restored Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day.! Buoyancy forces created by the collapse of the Temple was the sixth Temple built in Utah including... A gold-leafed statue of the damage to the Provo Utah Temple is for. The potentially liquefiable soils that exist on the Temple to the owner and community events eliminated from the,! For renovations, adjustments to some of the Temple project micro-piles ( 3... During this load transfer to ensure only very slight changes in the foundation wall openings and to! Exist on the site is among the busiest in the floor slabs was connected to the brick... Improved to resist the upward hydrostatic pressures to an adjacent parking garage school commencements, gatherings... 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Water feature and numerous flowers, shrubs, and interesting facts about the Salt Lake Temple closing renovations... Historically significant buildings in the completed building, the portico was enclosed and! Wind loads imposed on the building was concrete, we used the flooring stone for our jewelry new will... Of downtown Provo was known as `` Temple hill. Church History Library, of. Adjacent parking garage that connects to an adjacent parking garage extensively changed structure. Modern, single-spire design very similar to the existing brick walls against the interior face of the work garage connects! 1 ) in December 2010 as shear walls or effectively resist out-of-plane earthquake forces encouraged: Contact the webmaster up. 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